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Basic Catechism

1) LEVELS OF CARDINALS:
a. Cardinal deacon
b. Cardinal priest
c. Cardinal bishop

2) CATEGORIES OF CHURCHES:
a. Mission
b. Out Station
c. Parish
d. Cathedral (Vicariates, dioceses, archdiocese)
e. Basilica

3) CATEGORIES OF PRIESTS:
a. Diocesan priest
b. Societan priest (e.g: MSP, SPS, SMA etc)
c. Religious priest (Augustinians, Benedictines, Franciscans, Jesuits etc

4) HIERACHY OF THE CHURCH
a. Lay faithfuls
b. Deacons
c. Priests/religious
d. Bishops
e. Arch-bishops
f. Cardinals
e. Pope (The Vicar of Christ Jesus on Earth)

5) MINISTERS OF THE CHURCH:
a. Cantors
b. Lectors
c. Acolytes
d. Choir
e. Deacon
f. Priests/religious
g. Bishops
h. Cardinals
i. Pope

6) CATEGORIES OF BISHOPS:
a. Auxiliary Bishop
b. Coadjutor Bishop
b. Bishop
e. Archbishop

7) Categories of Religious:
a. Monks (men)-Nuns (women)
b. Mendicants
c. Hermits
d. Seculars

8) THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES:
a. Faith
b. Hope
c. Charity

9) TYPES OF PRAYER:
a. Liturgical prayers: Holy Mass, Divine Office etc.
b. Non-liturgical prayers: Holy Rosary, Prayers to Saints and Angels, private prayers etc.

10) MODES OF PRAYERS:
a. Standing
b. Sitting
c. kneeling
d. bowing (it could be simple or deep)
e. genuflecting (it could be single or double)
f. laying

11) SINS AGAINST THE HOLY GHOST:
a. Presumption
b. Despair
c. Resisting the known truth
d. Envy of another’s spiritual good
e. Obstinacy in sin
f. Final impenitence

12) SINS THAT CRY OUT TO HEAVEN:
a. Willful murder
b. The sin of Sodomy
c. Oppression of the poor
d. Defrauding laborers of their wages

13) CONDITIONS FOR MORTAL SIN:
a. Grave matter
b. Full knowledge
c. Deliberate consent

14) WAYS WE CAN PARTICIPATE IN OTHERS PEOPLE’S SINS:
a. By counsel
b. By command
c. By consent
d. By provocation
e. By praise or flattery
f. By concealment
g. By partaking
h. By silence
i. By defense of the ill done

15) THE TEN COMMANDMENTS:
a. Thou shall not have other gods besides Me
b. Thou shall not say the Name of the Lord thy God in vain
c. Remember to keep holy the Lord ’s Day
d. Honor thy father and thy mother
e. Thou shall not murder
f. Thou salt not commit adultery (all forms of sexual immoralities are included: masturbation, homosexuality, incest, bestiality, rape, lust etc).
g. Thou shall not steal
h. Thou shall not bear false witness against thy neighbor
i. Thou shall not covet thy neighbor’s wife
j. Thou shall not covet thy neighbor’s goods

16) THE GREATEST COMMANDMENTS:
a. To love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, soul, mind and strength.
b. To love thy neighbor as thyself.

17) THE EVANGELICAL COUNSELS:
a. Voluntary poverty
b. Perpetual chastity
c. Entire obedience.

18) THE PRECEPTS OF THE CHURCH/ DUTIES OF A CATHOLIC:
a. To go to Holy Mass and refrain from servile work on Sundays and holy days
b. To go to Confession at least once a year (traditionally done during Lent)
c. To receive the Eucharist at least once a year, during the Easter Season (known as the “Easter duty”)
d. To observe the days of fasting and abstinence
e. To help to provide for the needs of the Church according to one’s abilities and station in life
f. To obey the marriage laws of the Church

19) THE POWERS OF THE SOUL:
a. Memory
b. Intellect
c. Will

20) THE PILLARS OF THE CATHOLIC FAITH:
a. The Apostles Creed
b. The Seven Sacraments
c. The Ten Commandments
d. The Lord’s Prayer
e. The Holy Mass
f. The Holy Rosary
g. The intercession of God’s Angels and Saints

21) PILLARS OF THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY:
a. Sacred Scripture
b. Sacred Tradition
c. Living Magisterium

22). The Munera (Duties of the Ordained):
a. Munus docendi (duty to teach, based on Christ’s role as Prophet)
b. Munus sanctificandi (duty to sanctify, based on Chris’s role as Priest)
c. Munus regendi (duty to shepherd, based on Christ’s role as King)

23) THE LEVELS OF THE CHURCH:
a. The Church Militant (Christians on Earth)
b. The Church Suffering (Christians in Purgatory)
c. The Church Triumphant (Christians in Heaven)

24) THE MARKS OF THE CHURCH:
a. Unity
b. Sanctity
c. Catholicity
d. Apostolicity

25) THE 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL IN ORDER OF THEIR BIRTH:
a. Reuben
b. Simeon
c. Levi
d. Judah
e. Zabulon
f. Issachar
g. Dan
h. Gad
i. Asher
j. Naphtali
k. Joseph (Menasseh and Ephraim)
l. Benjamin

26) THE BEATITUDES:
a. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
b. Blessed are the meek: for they shall posses the land.
c. Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted.
d. Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill.
e. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
e. Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God.
g. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called children of God.
h. Blessed are they that suffer persecution for Justice sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.

27) THE STATIONS OF THE CROSS:
a. Jesus is Condemned to Die
b. Jesus is Made to Bear His Cross
c. Jesus Falls the First Time
d. Jesus Meets His Mother
e. Simon Helps Jesus Carry His Cross
f. Veronica Wipes Jesus’ Face
g. Jesus Falls the Second Time
h. Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem
i. Jesus Falls the Third Time
j. Jesus is Stripped
k. Jesus is Nailed to the Cross
l. Jesus Dies on the Cross
m. Jesus is Taken Down from the Cross
n. Jesus is Laid in the Tomb

28) THE 20 MYSTERIES OF THE HOLY ROSARY:
JOYFUL (Mondays and Saturdays):
a. Annunciation
b. Visitation
c. Nativity
d. Presentation
e. Finding Jesus in the Temple
LUMINOUS: (Thursdays)
a. Baptism of Jesus.
b. Manifestation of Jesus at the wedding feast of Cana.
c. Proclamation of the kingdom of God.
d. The Transfiguration.
e. The institution of the Holy Eucharist
SORROWFUL (Tuesdays and Fridays):
a. Agony in the Garden
b. The Scourging
c. Crowning with thorns
d. Carrying of the Cross
e. Crucifixion
GLORIOUS (Wednesdays):
a. Resurrection
b. Ascension
c. Pentecost
d. Assumption
e. Coronation
NB: Throughout the Lenten season, the Sorrowful Mysteries is to be prayed only.

29) CHOIRS OF ANGELS IN ASCENDING ORDER:
a. Angels
b. Archangels
c. Principalities
d. Powers
e. Virtues
f. Dominions
g. Thrones
h. Cherubim
i. Seraphim

30) LEVELS OF REVERENCE:
a. Dulia: the reverence we give to Saints
b. Hyperdulia: the reverence we give to Mary as the greatest of Saints and Mother of God
c. Latria: the reverence and worship we give to God alone

31) THE 14 HOLY HELPERS:
1. St. George, Martyr, April 23
2. St. Blaise, Bishop and Martyr, February 3
3. St. Pantaleon, Martyr, July 27
4. St. Vitus, Martyr, June 15
5. St. Erasmus (Elmo), Bishop and Martyr, June 2
6. St. Christopher, Martyr, July 25
7. St. Giles, Abbot, September 1
8. St. Cyriacus (Cyriac), Martyr, August 8
9. St. Achatius, Martyr, May 8
10. St. Dionysius (Denis), Bishop and Martyr, October 9
11. St. Eustachius (Eustace), Martyr, September 20
12. St. Catherine of Alexandria, Virgin and Martyr, November 25
13. St. Margaret of Antioch, Virgin and Martyr, July 20
14. St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, December 4

32) THE 7 LAST WORDS OF CHRIST:
a. Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. (Luke 23:34)
b. Amen I say to thee: This day thou shalt be with me in paradise. (Luke 23:43)
c. Woman, behold thy son. . . .Behold thy mother. (John 19:26-27)
d. Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani? (My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?) (Matthew 27:46, ref. Psalm 21)
e. I thirst. (John 19:28)
f. It is consummated.(John 19:30)
g. Father, into Thy hands I commend my spirit. (Luke 23:46, ref. Psalm 30:6)

33) THE 4 LAST THINGS (THE NOVISSIMA):
a. Death
b. Judgment
c. Heaven
d. Hell

34) THE SEVEN CORPORAL WORKS OF MERCY:
a. To feed the hungry
b. To give drink to the thirsty
c. To clothe the naked
d. To shelter the homeless
e. To visit the sick
f. To visit the imprisoned
g. To bury the dead

35) THE SEVEN SPIRITUAL WORKS OF MERCY:
a. To counsel the doubtful
b. To instruct the ignorant
c. To admonish sinners
d. To comfort the sorrowful
e. To forgive all injuries/offenses
f. To bear wrongs patiently
g. To pray for the living and the dead

36) CLASSES OF GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT KNOWN AS CHARISMATA:
a. Teaching
b. Faith
c. Grace of healing
d. Apostleship
e. Prophecy

37) THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS:
a. Baptism
b. Confirmation/Chrismation
c. Holy Eucharist
d. Penance (Confession/Reconciliation)
e. Holy Matrimony
f. Holy Order
g. Anointing of the Sick

40) THE SEVEN GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT:
a. Wisdom
b. Understanding
c. Counsel
d. Fortitude
e. Knowledge
f. Piety
g. Fear of the Lord

41) THE THREE EMINENT GOOD WORKS:
a. Prayer
b. Fasting
c. Almsgiving

42) FRUITS OF THE HOLY GHOST:
a. Charity
b. Joy
c. Peace
d. Patience
e. Benignity
f. Goodness
g. Longanimity
h. Mildness
i. Faith
j. Modesty
k. Continency
l. Chastity

43) CARDINAL VIRTUES:
a. Prudence
b. Justice
c. Fortitude
d. Temperance

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