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Histoire D’Une Âme (Sainte Thérèse De Lisieux) & St. Thomas More (Defender Of Our Catholic Faith)

Histoire D’Une Âme (Sainte Thérèse De Lisieux) & St. Thomas More (Defender Of Our Catholic Faith)

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Histoire d’une âme est un livre combinant les récits autobiographiques de sainte Thérèse de Lisieux. Publié juste après sa mort, l’ouvrage a immédiatement connu un très grand succès populaire. Ce livre est aujourd’hui traduit en plus de 50 langues, et connait de multiples rééditions chez différents éditeurs. On estime son tirage total à plus de 500 millions d’exemplaires.
Si la première version publiée de l’œuvre avait été largement remise en forme par Céline, la sœur de Thérèse, pour donner au texte une structure autobiographique classique, une édition rigoureuse, depuis 1956, a paru, suivie d’éditions critiques. Dans ses manuscrits, tout en racontant sa vie, Thérèse de Lisieux développe de manière simple une véritable théologie, qu’on appellera celle de la « petite voie ».
Dès les premières années d’éditions, l’ouvrage a eu une grande influence spirituelle. De nombreuses personnes (dont certaines béatifiées à ce jour) ont déclaré avoir été transformées par la lecture de l’ouvrage. De nombreuses religieuses ont également affirmé être entrées en religion après avoir lu le livre de Thérèse de Lisieux.
Le livre a fait l’objet de plusieurs adaptations au théâtre ou au cinéma. Il a reçu en 1989 un prix de l’Académie Française.
Marie-Françoise Thérèse Martin, en religion sœur Thérèse de l’Enfant-Jésus et de la Sainte-Face, également connue sous les appellations sainte Thérèse de Lisieux, sainte Thérèse de l’Enfant-Jésus ou encore la petite Thérèse, est une religieuse carmélite française née à Alençon dans l’Orne en France le 2 janvier 1873 et morte à Lisieux en France le 30 septembre 1897.
Le retentissement de ses publications posthumes, dont Histoire d’une âme publiée peu de temps après sa mort, en fait l’une des plus grandes saintes du xixe siècle. La dévotion à sainte Thérèse s’est développée partout dans le monde.
Considérée par Pie XI comme l’« étoile de son pontificat », elle est béatifiée puis canonisée dès 1925. Religieuse cloîtrée, elle est paradoxalement déclarée sainte patronne des missions et, avec Jeanne d’Arc, canonisée en 1920, proclamée « Patronne Secondaire de la France ». Enfin, elle est proclamée Docteur de l’Église par Jean-Paul II en 1997 pour le centenaire de sa mort.
Dernière née d’un couple tenant commerce d’horlogerie et de dentelles d’Alençon, Louis et Zélie Martin, Thérèse perd sa mère à quatre ans et demi. Elle est élevée par ses sœurs aînées Marie et Pauline, qui tour à tour entrent au carmel de Lisieux, faisant revivre à l’enfant le sentiment d’abandon ressenti lors de la perte de leur mère1. Cependant, elle ressent très tôt un appel à la vie religieuse. Elle fait un pèlerinage à Rome pour demander l’accord d’entrer au Carmel, alors qu’elle n’en a pas encore l’âge légal. Mais le pape refuse, elle doit donc attendre. Elle entre au Carmel de Lisieux à quinze ans. Après neuf années de vie religieuse, dont les deux dernières passées dans une « nuit de la foi », elle meurt de la tuberculose le 30 septembre 1897 à l’âge de vingt-quatre ans.
La nouveauté de sa spiritualité, appelée la théologie de la « petite voie », de l’enfance spirituelle, a inspiré nombre de croyants. Elle propose de rechercher la sainteté, non pas dans les grandes actions, mais dans les actes du quotidien même les plus insignifiants, à condition de les accomplir pour l’amour de Dieu. En la proclamant 33e docteur de l’Église, le pape Jean-Paul II a reconnu ipso facto l’exemplarité de sa vie et de ses écrits. Ironie du sort, elle meurt inconnue puisque cloîtrée et est aujourd’hui « mondialement célèbre et vénérée».
Édifiée en son honneur, la basilique de Lisieux est le deuxième plus grand lieu de pèlerinage de France après Lourdes.
Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More,[7][8] was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He also served Henry VIII as Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to May 1532.[9] He wrote Utopia, published in 1516,[10] which describes the political system of an imaginary island state.

More opposed the Protestant Reformation, directing polemics against the theology of Martin Luther, Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and William Tyndale. More also opposed Henry VIII’s separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as supreme head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and executed. On his execution, he was reported to have said: “I die the King’s good servant, and God’s first”.

Pope Pius XI canonised More in 1935 as a martyr. Pope John Paul II in 2000 declared him the patron saint of statesmen and politicians.

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History of a Soul is a book combining the autobiographical accounts of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux. Published immediately after his death, the work immediately enjoyed great popular success. This book is now translated into more than 50 languages, and knows multiple reissues by different publishers. Its total circulation is estimated to be over 500 million copies.
If the first published version of the work had been extensively revised by Céline, Thérèse’s sister, to give the text a classic autobiographical structure, a rigorous edition, since 1956, has appeared, followed by critical editions. In her manuscripts, while recounting her life, Thérèse de Lisieux develops in a simple way a real theology, which we will call that of the “small way”.
From the first years of editions, the work had a great spiritual influence. Many people (some of whom have been beatified to date) have declared that they have been transformed by reading the work. Many nuns also claimed to have entered religion after having read Thérèse de Lisieux’s book.
The book has been the subject of several adaptations to the theater or the cinema. In 1989 he received a prize from the Académie Française.
Marie-Françoise Thérèse Martin, in religion Sister Thérèse of the Child Jesus and the Holy Face, also known under the names Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus or even little Thérèse, is a nun French Carmelite born in Alençon in Orne in France on January 2, 1873 and died in Lisieux in France on September 30, 1897.
The repercussions of her posthumous publications, including Story of a Soul, published shortly after her death, made her one of the greatest saints of the nineteenth century. Devotion to Saint Teresa has grown all over the world.
Considered by Pius XI as the “star of his pontificate”, she was beatified and then canonized in 1925. A cloistered nun, she was paradoxically declared patron saint of the missions and, with Joan of Arc, canonized in 1920, proclaimed “Secondary Patroness of France “. Finally, she was proclaimed Doctor of the Church by John Paul II in 1997 for the centenary of her death.
The last born of a couple running the watchmaking and lace business of Alençon, Louis and Zélie Martin, Thérèse lost her mother at the age of four and a half. She was brought up by her older sisters Marie and Pauline, who in turn entered the Carmel of Lisieux, making the child relive the feeling of abandonment felt during the loss of their mother1. However, very early on, she felt a call to religious life. She made a pilgrimage to Rome to ask for permission to enter Carmel, when she was not yet of legal age. But the Pope refuses, so she has to wait. She entered the Carmel of Lisieux at the age of fifteen. After nine years of religious life, the last two of which were spent in a “night of faith”, she died of tuberculosis on September 30, 1897 at the age of twenty-four.
The novelty of his spirituality, called the “little way” theology of spiritual childhood, has inspired many believers. She proposes to seek holiness, not in great deeds, but in even the most insignificant everyday acts, on condition that they are accomplished for the love of God. By proclaiming her the 33rd Doctor of the Church, Pope John Paul II recognized ipso facto the exemplary nature of her life and her writings. Ironically, she dies unknown since cloistered and is today “world famous and revered”.
Built in his honor, the Basilica of Lisieux is the second largest place of pilgrimage in France after Lourdes.

Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More, [7] [8] was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He also served Henry VIII as Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to May 1532. [9] He wrote Utopia, published in 1516, [10] which describes the political system of an imaginary island state.

More opposed the Protestant Reformation, directing polemics against the theology of Martin Luther, Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and William Tyndale. More also opposed Henry VIII’s separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as supreme head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and executed. On his execution, he was reported to have said: “I die the King’s good servant, and God’s first”.

Pope Pius XI canonized More in 1935 as a martyr. Pope John Paul II in 2000 declared him the patron saint of statesmen and politicians.

NB: This is an automatic translation of the above texts by the Google Translate. Please check with the original whenever possible. Thank you.

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